Ever got stuck in a situation where you see a pool of rainwater or leaking water from a pipe in your basements? I hear you and I know how nightmarish such a situation can be but worry no more, there is a solution for everything. Thanks to the sump pump that acts as a savior in such circumstances. This article is all about what is sump pump and what is it used for, so let’s dig into the detail.
Many people around the world having basements in their houses worry about water puddling in their basements when it rains or due to some leakage. Some people often refuse to buy their favorite house with basements or regular flooring because of this issue.
Luckily, people now install sump pumps in their house which is a Godsend commodity. Here is a detailed guide on what is a sump pump and what is it used for.
As the name suggests, a sump pump is basically a pump that is installed in the sump of a house. This pump is used to draw out accumulated water in the basements or regular floors due to heavy rainfall, floods, or water leakage. A sump pump has become the basic necessity of every household. The sump pump is installed in the basements at a low upfront cost. This pump effectively works by pumping put water which has been flooded.
It is installed in a low-lying pit, so in circumstances where water floods in your basement, water will travel towards the depression where the sump pump is installed. When the water gets into it, a switch is activated which automatically draws the water out and throws it to the open land via a hose. Modern sump pumps are equipped with detectors that will automatically detect the flooding water. It will turn on automatically as soon as the water level rises to perform its action. Have a look at the types of sump pumps.
Now that you have understood what is sump pump and what is it used for, now is the time to look at the anatomy of this system. It consists of an impeller, a motor, and a sump basin. The impeller is submerged in the water and the motor sits on top of the sump basin if it’s a pedestal sump pump. In the case of a submersible sump pump, the motors are also submerged in the sump.
It consists of a float switch, when the water level rises in the sump basin, the float switch rises and turns on the switch. As a result, the motors start operating which triggers the impeller. The impeller forces the water out of the basin pit to the exterior of the house. There is also a check valve on the exterior pipe which prevents short cycling. This means the check valve prevents water from coming back to the pit through the pipe which has to be re-pumped.
How To Install A Sump Pump?
- If you don’t have a sump pump already installed in your home basements, you will need one just to protect your property from flooding. A sump pump can be installed with the help of a plumber because you will need to dig a hole in the basement floor. Most modern houses have basements ready for the installation of sump pumps. However, many don’t have the setup for it.
- In the first step, you will need a jackhammer, or demolishing hammer to dig a pit on the basement floor. You need to be very strategic while digging a hole so that you don’t damage the pipelines of your house. It is best to get a plumber to do everything for you but that doesn’t mean you can’t do it on your own. Next, begin digging a 6 inches hole at least 8 inches away from the wall. This will protect the wall from water damage.
- Now cut a boundary line with the help of a jackhammer the actual bit needs to be at least 8 to 12 inches in depth. Demolish the floor where you want the pit using any demolishing instrument. Once the pit is done, you will need to collect all the concrete pieces and clean the area entirely.
- If there is soil, dig into it and remove the excess soil to create a clean pit. You will need to dig at least 6 inches of a pit in the soil. Now, you will need a pit liner to cover the entire pit with it. You will also need some gravel which you will spread in the empty areas to let the liner sit firmly.
- Once the pit is dug, you will need a sump basin that holds your pump. Add a filter liner beneath the sump basin so that it wouldn’t get clogged. Fill the sump basin with some more gravel and make a flat surface for the pump to sit on.
- Once the sump basin is in and you have made a flat surface for the pump in it, now you will install the pump in the basin. After that, you will pipe it up and the pipe goes out attached to the wall to the exterior where it will throw water once the water level is high. To Install a PVC pipe, you will cut it at an angle so that it can be properly adjusted with the wall. After that, drill a hole in the wall that will let the pipe to the exterior.
- After the complete installation, run a test on it to check if it’s working fine. When the water level rises, the pump will automatically turn the switch on to draw the water out of the basement. So this is how you install a sump pump in your house.
Energy Consumption Of Sump Pump
Many of you might be worried about the power a sump pump consumes. Fortunately, this water pumping device is relatively energy efficient. According to an estimate, a sump pump will consume energy costing you up to $30 or more, providing you are living in regions with heavy rainfall. A regular sump pump uses up to 2000 watts of power, therefore they would cost you an arm and leg by the end of the month.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is a sump pump?
A sump pump is a submersible device that is installed mainly on the basement floors. This pump act upon water flooding from heavy rainfalls, leakage from a house water supply, and other causes. It pumps the accumulated water out of the living space and throws it out into the exterior space. There are three types of sump pumps, that are submersible sump pumps, battery backup sump pumps, pedestal sump pumps.
How is a sump pump installed?
It is best to get your sump pump installed with the help of a professional plumber. Most houses come with built-in pits in the basement where you can easily install the sump pump without damaging the house pipelines. However, if there isn’t one, you will need to dig a hole at least 8 inches away from the wall on the basement floor near the wall. You will need a demolishing hammer or jackhammer for cleaner work. After that, the plumber will install the sump pump properly.
Why do I need a sump pump?
A sump pump has become a necessity for households, especially the ones with basements. Water leakage from the hose pipeline or drainage system or heavy rainfall might cause water accumulation in basements. This will cut your house space, cause mold growth, and many other issues. A sump pump is thus required to solve this issue. In case of water accumulation due to any reason, a sump pump will detect it and will drain the water out of the house through a hose.
Final Thoughts about Sump Pumps
No one on earth would want to be in a nightmarish situation where there is a pool of water accumulated in their basement. Such a situation will not only damage their property but will also cut down their living space. Moisture also causes mold and mildew growth which is the last thing you would want. A sump pump is thus a great commodity that saves your basements from flooding. The above article will tell you what is a sump pump and what is it used for. Also, you will find the types of sump pumps and how to install them in your house.
Adam Wilson is the plumbing products Editor for Mechanics Gear, covering everything related to plumbing. He have 15 years of experience as a plumber and written about plumbing gear for over two years and plans to continue writing for a long while to come. Since he started sharing his plumbing knowledge on Mechanics Gear, he loves nothing more than relaxing in his home and and writing his plumbing experiences. Adam Wilson likes finding new plumbing products and dive into, from manuals, forums and different plumbing groups.